[ti:Study: Number of Kids Watching Online Videos Doubled in 4 Years]
[00:00.04]A new study has found that the number of young Americans who watch
[00:05.06]online videos each day has more than doubled in the past four years.
[00:12.84]The findings were based on a survey of about 1,700 young people aged 8 to 18.
[00:23.48]Results were released this week by the U.S.-based
[00:27.54]not-for-profit group Common Sense Media.
[00:32.80]The group researches youth technology activity and offers guidance for parents.
[00:40.72]Fifty-six percent of 8- to 12-year-olds taking part in the survey
[00:46.40]said they watched online videos each day.
[00:51.20]That rate jumped to 69 percent for 13- to 18-year-olds.
[00:58.48]A 2015 survey by Common Sense Media found the rate was 24 percent
[01:05.15]for 8- to 12-year-olds and 34 percent for 13- to 18-year-olds.
[01:13.12]The survey found that overall screen time for young Americans
[01:17.80]did not change much over the past four years.
[01:22.80]On average, preteens spent just under five hours of screen time on devices each day.
[01:32.08]Teens had about seven and a half hours of screen time.
[01:37.40]The numbers did not include time young people spent on their devices
[01:42.44]doing homework, reading books or listening to music.
[01:48.72]Common Sense Media's director of research, Michael Robb, told The Associated Press
[01:55.64]that such screen time among American youth "really is the air they breathe."
[02:03.76]The findings suggest a continuing change by young people
[02:08.41]to move away from traditional television
[02:11.52]to watch streaming video services on their phones and other personal devices.
[02:18.84]Only about one-third of teens surveyed
[02:22.28]said they enjoyed watching traditional television programming "a lot."
[02:28.44]This compared with nearly half of those surveyed four years ago.
[02:34.60]About half of preteens said they enjoyed watching traditional television "a lot,"
[02:40.86]compared with 61 percent in 2015.
[02:44.96]YouTube, which is owned by Google, was the number one choice of youth
[02:51.28]for online videos, even among the preteens surveyed.
[02:57.14]Three-quarters of the preteens said they use the site even though it has age restrictions.
[03:05.64]Only 23 percent of preteens said they watch YouTube Kids,
[03:10.48]a separate service aimed at their age group and even younger children.
[03:16.88]Of those who said they used YouTube Kids,
[03:20.30]most said they enjoyed the regular YouTube site better.
[03:25.60]Robb said the common use of YouTube by young people
[03:29.83]"puts a lot of pressure" on parents to find ways to restrict what their children see.
[03:37.56]In answer to the survey, YouTube said the company
[03:41.56]is rethinking the way it deals with children and families.
[03:47.48]A spokesman for YouTube, Farshad Shadloo,
[03:55.52]"YouTube is not a site for people under 13," he said.
[04:02.12]The company said YouTube Kids and its restriction tools
[04:07.04]are designed to limit site usage for preteens.
[04:12.08]But experts say it is easy for many children to get to the videos they want to watch,
[04:18.24]whether on YouTube or another streaming service.
[04:23.52]Sarah Domoff is a professor at Central Michigan University
[04:28.17]who studies the effects of technology on youth and families.
[04:33.45]She told the AP that parents often do not have the time
[04:38.41]or skills to limit what their children are watching effectively.
[04:44.08]Domoff said she thinks many parents could do more
[04:47.78]to try to track the screen time of their children.
[04:51.92]She added, however, that tools aimed at limiting usage on services
[04:57.17]such as YouTube could be greatly improved.
[05:01.08]"It's really hard to block out certain things
[05:04.40]unless you're really standing over your child," Domoff said.
[05:09.59]I'm Bryan Lynn. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM