[ti:Some or Any?]
[00:00.04]This week, we answer a question from Eri.
[00:04.48]Eri writes: "Hi, VOA Learning English.
[00:09.63]I want to know how to use ‘any' & ‘some.'" – Eri
[00:15.12]Dear Eri, It often seems like English speakers use the words ‘any' and ‘some' in exactly the same way.
[00:25.80]People use both words to describe an amount of something, but usually not an exact amount.
[00:35.48]Also, ‘any' and ‘some' often appear in similar sentences or questions.
[00:43.96]For example, let us say you are at school and your teacher tells the class to start working on a writing project.
[00:54.72]Your friend turns to you and asks a question in one of two ways:
[01:02.28]"Do you have any paper?" or "Do you have some paper?"
[01:07.44]In both cases, your friend does not have the paper needed to do the work
[01:14.84]and is asking if you have extra paper they can use.
[01:20.68]But they are not asking for an exact amount of paper, like one or two or even three pieces.
[01:30.24]The biggest difference between ‘any' and ‘some'
[01:34.16]is that the word you use in your answer depends on the kind of answer you will give.
[01:42.08]Let us say you bought a lot of paper at the start of the school year,
[01:47.54]so you do have extra that you can share with your friend.
[01:52.72]In this case, you will make a positive statement.
[01:57.92]You say: "Yes, I have some. Here you go!"
[02:03.00]However, let us say you already gave the extra paper you once had
[02:09.80]to other classmates and you have no more to share.
[02:14.64]In this case, you will make a negative statement.
[02:20.08]You say: "No, I do not have any. Sorry!"
[02:26.12]But there is one kind of positive statement you can make using the word ‘any.'
[02:33.28]That is when someone asks you a question and it is not important
[02:39.68]or easy for you to give an exact answer.
[02:44.89]For example, let us say your teacher wants you to write about your interests.
[02:52.22]So he or she asks you: "What is your favorite movie?"
[02:58.24]You think and think, but cannot think of one you like more than others.
[03:06.64]So you answer with: "Any movie that has action in it!"
[03:12.60]And that's Ask A Teacher!
[03:15.40]I'm Pete Musto. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM