[ti:Rights Group: Governments Increasing Social Media Use to Influence Elections] [by:www.knnrug.live] [00:00.00]更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM [00:00.04]A rights group reports that governments and individuals [00:05.22]have sought to influence elections online in 26 of 30 national elections it studied. [00:15.76]Freedom House released the report about online influence on Monday [00:22.09]– one day before elections in many parts of the United States. [00:29.24]Some of the group's financing comes from the U.S. government. [00:35.92]The new report warns that internet-based election interference [00:42.16]has become an important method for those seeking to attack democracy. [00:50.76]It found that disinformation and propaganda [00:55.48]were the most popular tools used to influence elections. [01:03.00]Freedom House studied how domestic governments have tried to influence their citizens. [01:12.28]It also examined partisan actors who use online networks to spread misleading ideas. [01:23.88]It said that such individuals often work with popular media personalities and business leaders. [01:35.12]"Many governments are finding that on social media, [01:40.03]propaganda works better than censorship," [01:44.42]said Mike Abramowitz, the president of Freedom House. [01:51.24]He added that "authoritarians and populists around the globe" [01:57.73]are using human nature and computer programs to harm free and fair elections. [02:09.56]Some of those seeking to influence elections had developed methods to defeat efforts [02:17.63]by technology companies to fight false or misleading information, the report said. [02:28.12]For example, it noted that in the Philippines, candidates paid people on social media [02:37.01]to support their campaigns on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. [02:46.04]The report noted that online disinformation was widely used [02:52.75]during several political events in the United States, such as the 2018 elections. [03:02.24]Another example was the U.S. Senate hearings for Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh. [03:13.32]Freedom House noted a rise in the number of governments using bots [03:19.75]and false accounts to shape online opinions and hurt opponents. [03:28.32]Such behavior was noted in 38 out of 65 countries that the report discussed. [03:39.04]Social media was also being increasingly used to watch citizens. [03:47.84]The report said at least 40 countries have set up high-level social media monitoring programs. [03:59.88]Allie Funk is one of the writers of the report, called "Freedom on the Net 2019." [04:10.08]She said the report had two main themes. [04:15.08]One is efforts by governments to influence their own elections. [04:22.88]The other is their efforts to "monitor their citizens." [04:29.48]But Funk added that government efforts to block the opposition sometimes have unexpected results. [04:40.04]She said in Russia, online efforts to limit opposition candidates [04:46.72]led to protesters' use of social media to organize. [04:54.32]I'm Mario Ritter Jr. [04:55.86]更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM 11运夺金走势图遗漏