[ti:Read Someone Like a Book or Write a Book on Something] [by:www.knnrug.live] [00:00.00]更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM [00:00.04]Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories. [00:05.76]On this show, we explore words and expressions in the English language. [00:11.20]We can also tell where they come from. [00:14.12]And probably more importantly for those learning to speak English, [00:18.50]we explain how and when we use these terms. [00:23.44]Reading is a popular activity for people all over the world. [00:27.62]There is nothing quite like getting lost in a really good book. [00:32.84]It can be a special experience. [00:36.05]Minor problems melt away as the characters in the story seem to come to life. [00:43.37]The best part about books is that they can take you anywhere you want! [00:49.21]They can take you to places that do not even exist. [00:53.84]We can also understand the world around us and its people better by reading stories. [01:00.96]So, it is no surprise that Americans sometimes use expressions involving the word "book." [01:09.28]Today we will talk about two such terms. [01:13.05]Both use the two main verbs you need when talking about a book -- "reading" and "writing." [01:20.56]Let us begin with an expression from a reader's point of view. [01:25.18]The following example sounds like an enjoyable activity -- reading someone like a book. [01:33.48]Yet "to read someone like a book" means that you know the person very well [01:40.20]-- and usually not in a good way. [01:42.72]We often use this expression in special situations. [01:47.96]A person may be trying to trick you, but you know their true objectives. [01:53.67]In other words, you can see through their attempts to fool you or someone else. [01:59.83]Now, let's hear how this expression is used in this exchange between two co-workers. [02:07.80]A: Were you able to get him to agree to the deal? [02:11.83]B: No. He didn't sign the agreement. [02:14.62]A: Without his signature, we cannot make the movie. [02:18.71]B: Don't you think I know that! I thought it was a sure thing. He said he was really interested. [02:24.74]So, I took him to dinner. I spent a lot of money on a bottle of wine. [02:29.48]I even offered him front row seats to that sold-out show next weekend. [02:33.96]A: And he still didn't sign. [02:36.77]B: If you ask me, he had no interest in signing the contract. [02:41.04]He just wanted a free dinner and more! [02:44.16]A: Yes, he read you like a book. [02:48.01]So, that is an expression with the verb "read." [02:51.60]Now, let's turn to one with the words "to write." [02:56.20]When you become an expert at something, you may write a book about it. [03:00.89]After all, many experts write about what they know. [03:04.76]They want to share their expertise or make a name for themselves. Or both. [03:10.68]In any case, we use the expression to write the book on something [03:15.89]to describe a person who knows a lot about something. [03:20.03]And this person does not need to have published an actual book. [03:24.24]But it can be funny to tie the two together, like in the following example. [03:29.54]A: What's keeping you so busy these days? I haven't seen you in weeks. [03:35.30]B: I am studying for my exams on building materials. But I'm having a lot of trouble. [03:40.80]I'm not sure what materials are the best or worst for natural disasters. [03:45.77]A: You should talk to Madeline. [03:48.13]B: Madeline? Is she good with building homes in disaster areas? [03:52.93]A: Are you serious? She is THE leading expert [03:57.09]on building for natural disasters, from earthquakes to hurricanes. [04:02.84]B: I had no idea. [04:04.84]A: Oh yeah! She wrote the book on the subject – literally and figuratively. [04:11.08]In fact, do you want to borrow her book? I have a copy. [04:16.45]B: Yes. And please give her my number. I would love to pick her brain! [04:21.71]And that's all for Words and Their Stories. [04:25.00]Until next time, I'm Kelly Jean Kelly, for Anna Matteo. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM 11运夺金走势图遗漏