[ti:Read Someone Like a Book or Write a Book on Something]
[00:00.04]Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.
[00:05.76]On this show, we explore words and expressions in the English language.
[00:11.20]We can also tell where they come from.
[00:14.12]And probably more importantly for those learning to speak English,
[00:18.50]we explain how and when we use these terms.
[00:23.44]Reading is a popular activity for people all over the world.
[00:27.62]There is nothing quite like getting lost in a really good book.
[00:32.84]It can be a special experience.
[00:36.05]Minor problems melt away as the characters in the story seem to come to life.
[00:43.37]The best part about books is that they can take you anywhere you want!
[00:49.21]They can take you to places that do not even exist.
[00:53.84]We can also understand the world around us and its people better by reading stories.
[01:00.96]So, it is no surprise that Americans sometimes use expressions involving the word "book."
[01:09.28]Today we will talk about two such terms.
[01:13.05]Both use the two main verbs you need when talking about a book -- "reading" and "writing."
[01:20.56]Let us begin with an expression from a reader's point of view.
[01:25.18]The following example sounds like an enjoyable activity -- reading someone like a book.
[01:33.48]Yet "to read someone like a book" means that you know the person very well
[01:40.20]-- and usually not in a good way.
[01:42.72]We often use this expression in special situations.
[01:47.96]A person may be trying to trick you, but you know their true objectives.
[01:53.67]In other words, you can see through their attempts to fool you or someone else.
[01:59.83]Now, let's hear how this expression is used in this exchange between two co-workers.
[02:07.80]A: Were you able to get him to agree to the deal?
[02:11.83]B: No. He didn't sign the agreement.
[02:14.62]A: Without his signature, we cannot make the movie.
[02:18.71]B: Don't you think I know that! I thought it was a sure thing. He said he was really interested.
[02:24.74]So, I took him to dinner. I spent a lot of money on a bottle of wine.
[02:29.48]I even offered him front row seats to that sold-out show next weekend.
[02:33.96]A: And he still didn't sign.
[02:36.77]B: If you ask me, he had no interest in signing the contract.
[02:41.04]He just wanted a free dinner and more!
[02:44.16]A: Yes, he read you like a book.
[02:48.01]So, that is an expression with the verb "read."
[02:51.60]Now, let's turn to one with the words "to write."
[02:56.20]When you become an expert at something, you may write a book about it.
[03:00.89]After all, many experts write about what they know.
[03:04.76]They want to share their expertise or make a name for themselves. Or both.
[03:10.68]In any case, we use the expression to write the book on something
[03:15.89]to describe a person who knows a lot about something.
[03:20.03]And this person does not need to have published an actual book.
[03:24.24]But it can be funny to tie the two together, like in the following example.
[03:29.54]A: What's keeping you so busy these days? I haven't seen you in weeks.
[03:35.30]B: I am studying for my exams on building materials. But I'm having a lot of trouble.
[03:40.80]I'm not sure what materials are the best or worst for natural disasters.
[03:45.77]A: You should talk to Madeline.
[03:48.13]B: Madeline? Is she good with building homes in disaster areas?
[03:52.93]A: Are you serious? She is THE leading expert
[03:57.09]on building for natural disasters, from earthquakes to hurricanes.
[04:02.84]B: I had no idea.
[04:04.84]A: Oh yeah! She wrote the book on the subject – literally and figuratively.
[04:11.08]In fact, do you want to borrow her book? I have a copy.
[04:16.45]B: Yes. And please give her my number. I would love to pick her brain!
[04:21.71]And that's all for Words and Their Stories.
[04:25.00]Until next time, I'm Kelly Jean Kelly, for Anna Matteo. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM