[ti:Many Syrian Refugees in Turkey Do Not Want to Return Home]
[00:00.04]Many Syrian refugees in Turkey want to stay in the country
[00:06.02]although Turkey plans to send them back home.
[00:10.92]Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said the government
[00:16.44]plans to send up to 2 million refugees back to Syria.
[00:21.80]Human rights groups have warned of possible expulsions of refugees.
[00:29.40]Many of the refugees have started new lives in Turkey
[00:33.82]and see no reason to return to Syria.
[00:38.44]Syrian refugee Isam Abdi owns Mandy, a restaurant in Istanbul.
[00:47.00]It has been serving people in the Turkish city for more than six years.
[00:52.56]"We will not return to Syria," Abdi told VOA.
[00:59.28]Abdi left Syria at the start of the civil war.
[01:03.24]He arrived in Istanbul speaking very little Turkish and having no contacts.
[01:11.24]But he was still able to build a successful business.
[01:15.76]He now owns two restaurants.
[01:18.66]His children attend college and he sees Turkey
[01:23.04]as the only country offering his family a better future.
[01:28.88]"Because of the war, it's not safe there," Abdi said of his Syrian homeland.
[01:35.96]"They say in Damascus it is safe.
[01:39.04]But (there) is no electric, no gas, no nothing... It is easier to live here."
[01:46.44]While Istanbul has been good for Abdi and his family,
[01:50.85]he admits that other Syrians have had a more difficult time.
[01:56.64]"They can't find a job. They are in debt." he said.
[02:00.83]"There are some people who want to go back."
[02:05.04]Turkey has accepted more than 3.5 million Syrian refugees who fled the war.
[02:13.48]The refugees are expected to return to what Turkey considers a safe area in Syria.
[02:22.28]The area was taken by Turkish forces in an operation against a Kurdish militia.
[02:30.32]But experts have warned that the Turkish government's plan
[02:34.44]faces major opposition from diplomats and many refugees themselves.
[02:42.52]Soli Ozel is an international relations instructor at Istanbul's Kadir Has University.
[02:52.72]"I don't see any reason why (Syrian President) Bashar al-Assad
[02:58.00]will want any of those refugees back," Ozel said.
[03:03.24]"And he certainly will not take most of them back. I just don't see it."
[03:09.40]Last month, an Amnesty International report accused Turkey of
[03:14.48]forcing refugees back to Syria this year.
[03:19.36]"It is likely that hundreds of people across Turkey were swept up,
[03:24.12]detained and transported against their will
[03:27.96]to one of the world's most dangerous countries," the report said.
[03:34.24]The U.S.-based Human Rights Watch also accused the Turkish government of such actions.
[03:41.14]Its report said detentions and forced returns took place in January and September.
[03:50.20]Turkey's foreign ministry denied the accusations.
[03:54.60]"The claims in the report about Syrians being forcibly sent back,
[04:00.11]threatened and mistreated are false and imaginary," a ministry spokesman said.
[04:08.36]Turkish officials have said all Syrian refugee returns
[04:12.80]will be voluntary and observe all international laws.
[04:17.29]The government says more than 350,000 Syrian refugees
[04:23.50]have already voluntarily returned to their country.
[04:28.80]Erdogan is facing increasing pressure at home to reduce the refugee presence,
[04:35.40]which has become a political issue.
[04:39.12]Public opinion studies show growing opposition to the refugees in Turkey.
[04:45.64]Experts say those feelings are being intensified
[04:49.74]by a slowing economy and rising unemployment.
[04:54.68]I'm Bryan Lynn. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM