名師答疑:some和any的用法區別

    This week, we answer a question from Eri. Eri writes:
    本周我們來回復埃里的問題。埃里寫道:

    Question:
    提問:

     "Hi, VOA Learning English. I want to know how to use ‘any' & ‘some.'"
    “美國之音英語教學節目,你好,我想要知道如何使用any 和some這兩個單詞。

    Answer:
    回復:

    Dear Eri,
    親愛的埃里,

    It often seems like English speakers use the words ‘any' and ‘some' in exactly the same way.  People use both words to describe an amount of something, but usually not an exact amount. Also, ‘any' and ‘some' often appear in similar sentences or questions.
    英語人士似乎常常以完全相同的方式來使用any和some這兩個單詞。人們把這兩個單詞都用于描述物品的數量,但是通常是指不確切的數量。同樣,any和some通常出現在相似的句子或問題中。

    For example, let us say you are at school and your teacher tells the class to start working on a writing project. Your friend turns to you and asks a question in one of two ways:
    例如,假設你在學校,老師讓同學們開始寫作。你的朋友轉向你,用下面的兩種方式之一向你提問:

    "Do you have any paper?" or "Do you have some paper?"
    “你有紙嗎?”

    In both cases, your friend does not have the paper needed to do the work and is asking if you have extra paper they can use. But they are not asking for an exact amount of paper, like one or two or even three pieces.
    在這兩種情況下,你的朋友沒有寫作業要用的紙,問你有沒有多余的紙給他用。但是他們并沒有問你要具體數量的紙張,例如要一兩張甚至三張。

    The biggest difference between ‘any' and ‘some' is that the word you use in your answer depends on the kind of answer you will give.
    這兩個單詞之間最大的區別是,你回答時用哪個詞,取決于你給出的回答的類型。

    Let us say you bought a lot of paper at the start of the school year, so you do have extra that you can share with your friend. In this case, you will make a positive statement.
    假設你在開學時購買了很多紙,因此你有多余的紙張可以跟朋友分享。在這種情況下,你將作出肯定的回答。

    You say: "Yes, I have some. Here you go!"
    你會說:“是的,我有呢,給你。”

    However, let us say you already gave the extra paper you once had to other classmates and you have no more to share. In this case, you will make a negative statement.
    然而,假設你已經把多余的紙張給其他同學了,你再沒有紙給別人了。在這種情況下,你將會作出否定的回答。

    You say: "No, I do not have any. Sorry!"
    你會說:“不,我沒紙了,對不起!”

    But there is one kind of positive statement you can make using the word ‘any.' That is when someone asks you a question and it is not important or easy for you to give an exact answer.
    但是有一種肯定回答你可以使用any這個單詞。這就是當有人問你時,而你沒有必要或者很難給出具體答案。

    For example, let us say your teacher wants you to write about your interests. So he or she asks you: "What is your favorite movie?"
    例如,假設老師讓給你寫興趣愛好。所以他(她)問你:“你最喜歡哪部電影?”

    You think and think, but cannot think of one you like more than others. So you answer with: "Any movie that has action in it!"
    你想啊想,但是想不出哪部更喜歡。所以你可以回答:“只要是動作片我都喜歡。”

    And that's Ask A Teacher!
    以上就是本期名師答疑的全部內容。

    I'm Pete Musto.
    我是皮特·穆斯托。(51VOA.COM原創翻譯,禁止轉載,違者必究!)

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